People make the same mistakes over and over and thus, history repeats itself. From Doug “Uncola” Lynn at theburningplatform:
History is written by the victors.
The rich rule over the poor, and the borrower is slave to the lender.
The Wheel of Time is a notion shared by many religions and philosophies. In modern paganistic traditions, like those celebrated by Wiccans today, annual festivals are arranged into what is called the Wheel of the Year and marked by various equinoxes, solstices, and the dates in between. The ancient Greeks and Romans considered destiny as spinning like “yarn” on a wheel; and the Roman emperor, Marcus Aurelius, once wrote how the universe is “change”, life is what “our thoughts make it”, and of time’s cycling to and from infinity while aligned into a succession of finite periods. From the days of the earliest Druids through the life of the Viking Leif Ericson, the most commonly used nomenclature for Wheel of the Yearfestivals are descended from the Celtic and Germanic cultures.
When the Roman emperor Constantine the Great proclaimed his Edict of Milan, in AD 313, it eventually allowed the pagan festivals-of-old to be later claimed by the Christians. The Roman Saturnalia, and the Germanic Yule, became Christmastide; and the spring celebrations of rebirth and fertility combined with the resurrection of Jesus Christ into what was henceforth known as Easter Sunday. Today, the two-faced, Janus, the god of beginnings, gates, transitions, time, duality, doorways, passages, and endings, is celebrated worldwide as New Year’s Eve and Day; the wine-infused, Cupid pierced, bacchanalian, ancient Roman fertility orgies of Lupercalia are now acknowledged as Saint Valentine’s Day; and the ancient Roman festivals of Lemuria, Parentalia, and the Celtic Samhain, are today commemorated as Halloween. Just as the hands rotate around a clock, so are the holidays repeated within the turning of seasons, year after year.
The Irish playwright, George Bernard Shaw, once said:
If history repeats itself, and the unexpected always happens, how incapable must Man be of learning from experience.
The Spaniard author, essayist, and philosopher George Santayana, claimed “those who cannot remember the past are condemned to repeat it” and the American author, Mark Twain, believed history “rhymes” instead of actually repeating. In the more recent past, however, it was the historians William Strauss and Neil Howe who in their books, “Generations” (1992) and “The Fourth Turning“ (1997), identified twenty-year generational cycles spinning as the four seasons while stamping their impressions upon the flux of linear time.
To continue reading: Full Circle: An Encore Performance, New Venue, Fresh Actors