Deregulation, by Tom Woods

Deregulation’s many benefits are seldom noticed, and it’s often blamed for the sins of regulation. From Tom Woods at

Ten years after the financial crisis of 2008, your friends are still saying the same thing:

“Don’t you libertarians know the financial crisis was caused by deregulation?”

It was not in any way caused by deregulation. We have to get this right, and we can’t let it pass.

F.A. Hayek once noted how important history was to current events: if we misunderstand history, we’re going to do the wrong things in the present. So if we think the late nineteenth century was characterized by “monopolies” from which wise government officials rescued us (and, unfortunately, this is indeed what most people believe), we’ll have different views on antitrust law than we otherwise would. Likewise, if we think the Great Depression was caused by “laissez faire,” that will influence the kind of economic policy we advocate today.

So if people believe “deregulation” caused the financial crisis of 2008, and wise government policy delivered us from it, you can imagine how that, too, might influence future policy.

As I show in my new eBook The Deregulation Bogeyman (it’s free, by the way), none of the deregulation that did occur had anything to do with what happened in 2008 and the years that led up to it.

There is no repealed regulation that would have prevented the housing bubble and subsequent bust. Ask your friends exactly which repealed regulation(s) they’re talking about and they’ll run the other way. (The smart ones will mutter something about Glass Steagall; I handle that one in the book.) Banks did nothing they had not been allowed to do all along. The crisis occurred because banks made bad loans – in other words, they performed a traditional banking function badly.

There is a certain naïvete, too, in the idea that we might somehow “regulate” our way out of a bubble once the Federal Reserve has blown one up. By that point the horse has left the stable.

The regulators themselves were essentially clueless as well, beginning with Alan Greenspan and Ben Bernanke, Federal Reserve chairmen during the relevant years. Bernanke couldn’t have been more wrong in his assessment of the housing market, lending standards, and the existence of a bubble.

On the eve of the crisis there were 115 state and federal institutions whose job it was to regulate the financial sector. We are to believe that if only we’d had 116, things would have been better?

Oh, and if anyone tries to claim their budgets have been cut, you can point out that in fact spending on the regulatory agencies in charge, adjusting for inflation, has tripled since “deregulation” began in 1980.

There is a further naïvete in the childlike confidence that advocates of the “deregulation” story place in regulators. As Robert Higgs puts it, “Had they been given even greater powers, budgets, and staffs, what enchantment would have transformed the regulators into smart, dogged champions of the public interest, rather than the time-serving drones and co-conspirators with the regulated firms that they have always been?”

In 2009 I wrote my book Meltdown (a tenth-anniversary edition of which is slated for release next month) to explain what did cause the financial crisis (namely, a combination of Federal Reserve policy and federal interventions into the housing market).

But it’s nearly as important to understand what didn’t cause it. “Deregulation” sounds superficially satisfying: why, things went terribly wrong, so there must have been some wise government policy that would have prevented this. Whatever this wise government policy was, it must have been repealed by those terrible people who worship the free market. Etc.

If you’re inclined to think the situation wasn’t quite so cartoonish, I invite you to check out my free eBook The Deregulation Bogeyman, which will equip you against every pro-government superstition you’ll encounter on this topic. Pick it up at:



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