There are far more claims on wealth and production than there are wealth and production to service them. From Chris Martenson at peakprosperity.com:
Prepare for the coming wealth transfer
Today we live in a two-faced economy: it is boom times for some and bust times for others.
Your personal situation depends largely on how close you fall on the socioeconomic spectrum to the protected elite class, towards which the central banks are directing their money-printing firehoses.
Why should we care about this bifurcation? History.
2,000 years ago, in Plutarch’s time, it was already ‘old wisdom’ that unhealthy wealth imbalances ended badly for society:
Even those near the top of the wealth pyramid don’t aspire to live surrounded by an impoverished underclass, forced to live hiding behind their fortifications and guards, hoping the unrest of the masses doesn’t get any worse.